环球北美考试院

用侦探的逻辑思维解托福阅读词汇题

2018-07-16

    说到托福阅读的词汇题,基本的出题形式就是 【The word "XX" is closest in meaning to which of following?】,每篇文章的题目数量一般为3-5题,所以3篇文章加起来总数接近总题目的三分之一了,绝对是一个不容同学们小觑的题型。

并且2018年托福阅读的词汇题依然是考试的中心所指,在这里我们主要告诉同学们碰到题干中所考察的生词不认识如何利用逻辑有效解题,主要有以下四种逻辑关系解题。

     01 并列关系

  常见并列关系词:and,or,also,too,as well,other,another

  But it is a wrong interpretation; fossils are frequently so dense because the pores and other spaces in the bone have become filled with minerals taken up from the surrounding sediments.

  The word "pores" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  A. joints

  B. tissues

  C. lines

  D. holes

  此题目中的pore如果同学们不认识的话,就去找附近有无逻辑关系来帮助解题。看到最近的and 连接pores 和other spaces两个平行结构,前后相对应,因此pores的意思应为some space,选项中的D 的holes与此意义最接近,为正确答案。

 

  02 转折关系

  常见转折关系词:but,however,yet,by contrast,on the contrary ,in fact,actually;

  We might expect that early artistic efforts would be crude, but the cave paintings of Spain and southern France show a marked degree of skill. So do the naturalistic paintings on slabs of stone excavated in southern Africa.

  The word “ marked ” in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. considerable

  B. surprising

  C. limited

  D. adequate

  此题目中的marked如果同学们不认识的话,我们在附近会发现它所在句子和上一句形成转折关系,那么marked的意思与crude为直接相反。极为程度高的,明显的意思。选项中的A 的considerable(可观的)与此意义最接近,为正确答案。

 

  03 举例关系

  常见举例关系词: e.g.,for example,such as,for instance,like,including;

  Supporting evidence comes from research showing that aggressive people often distort other people's motives. For example, they assume that other people mean them harm when they do not.

  10. The word distort in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A  Mistrust

  B  Misinterpret

  C  Criticize

  D  Resent

  此题所考察的生词distort所造句子后紧随一个例句进行解释其意思,意为:一些人会假想别人会有意伤害他们,而实际上别人根本没这么想。也就是误解了别人的动机,那么B选项意思最为接近。

 

  04 因果关系

  常见因果关系词:

  ⚫表原因:for,because,since,as ,due to,owing to,result from 等;

  ⚫表结果:so,thus,hence,therefore,so...that, lead to, contribute to, cause, bring about, generate 等;

 

  In 1815 he published the first modern geological map, “A Map of the Strata of England and Wales with a Part of Scotland,” a map so meticulously researched that it can still be used today.

  5. The word “meticulously” in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A carefully

  B quickly

  C frequently

  D obviously

  “meticulously” 前后存在一个由so...that构成的因果关系(如此...以至于),结果为现在还能用200年前的地图,那么肯定是因为这个地图比较有用,非常好,只有A选项carefully(详细地)的意思最接近,方向也是一致的。

 

  所以建议参加2018年8月份最近考试的同学,碰到不认识的词汇题一定不要惊慌,利用逻辑关系可以助你一臂之力!

这也就意味着同学们一定要首先识别出常见的逻辑关系词,然后再利用它进行解答题目。可通过精读两三篇TPO文章圈出文中的逻辑以增强你对它们的熟悉程度。更多托福考试相关资讯及托福考试技巧,就在环球雅思托福考试频道。最后祝小伙伴们考试顺利,斩获高分!


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